On this date in...

1927...The Holland Tunnel opens – and for one day, the city allows pedestrians to cross under the Hudson River by foot. Full use by cars comes the following day.

1954...No longer needed as the nation's primary immigration station, Ellis Island closes its doors. The facility in New York Harbor had processed some 20 million new Americans since 1892.

1995...It's long lines and short tempers as straphangers deal with the first day of a mass transit fare hike. The hike boosts the single-ride fare 25 cents to $1.50. In return, the MTA promises no more increases for the rest of the century.