On this date in...
1643...Dutch settlers attack Native Americans in Lower Manhattan and in Maspeth. In Manhattan, the Native Americans are slaughtered. But in Maspeth, they retaliate and drive the Dutch back to Manhattan.
1644...The Dutch grant conditional freedom to a group of black slaves in the colony.
1952...Death sentences for atomic spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are upheld by a federal court in New York.