Fracking opponents want state lawmakers to approve a temporary ban on the process.
Environmental activists and elected officials are calling on the State Senate to follow the Assembly and pass a two-year moratorium on the controversial natural gas extraction method.
They are particularly concerned that New York City's water supply could become contaminated.
"We've seen in Pennsylvania water on fire," said Assemblyman Micah Kellner of Manhattan. "In Ohio, when they've injected wastewater in the ground, suddenly, there are earthquakes where there had never been earthquakes before. Soil has been contaminated."
"One false move on fracking, one step too far, and you've lost a lot," said mayoral candidate Bill de Blasio. "You've poisoned the earth in a way that you might not be able to recover from."
"Simply put, there is no safe fracking," said Eric Weltman of Food and Water Watch.
Supporters say the process has been proven to be safe, and they say fracking will be a boon to struggling upstate communities.