NY1's series on the 2010 U.S. Census continues with a closer look at the growing Hispanic population in the Bronx. NY1's Shazia Khan filed the following report.
The Hispanic presence is hard to miss in the Bronx. Beginning with the large influx of Puerto Ricans in the 1960s, the number of Hispanics in the borough has continued to grow, and they now make up 53 percent of the population -- more than 740,000 residents.
"The combination of increased prices somewhere else and more affordable housing in the Bronx, it is a perfect push and pull for Latinos to move into the borough," says political strategist Luis Miranda.
The Bronx is home to nearly 300,000 Puerto Ricans and almost 241,000 Dominicans, and the latter show an 81-percent jump in the last decade.
Mexicans stand at about 71,000 residents, a more than 100-percent increase.
"Salvadorans, Ecuadorians, a variety of central American groups are also moving into the Bronx, so they're much smaller," says demographer Andy Beveridge. "But I think the Bronx has been for quite a while kind of a Hispanic borough and is now becoming in effect an Hispanic immigrant borough."
While Puerto Ricans remain the largest ethnic group in the Bronx, their numbers are dropping.
"It's not simply the Bronx, it's throughout the city," says Laird Bergad, the director of Caribbean and Latino Studies at the City University of New York. "More than likely, it's a combination of a couple of processes. One, the end of net migration from the island to New York City, that's the first thing. Second, probably a slight trickle of Puerto Ricans to the suburbs."
Mexicans, the largest Hispanic group in the United States, are projected to surpass both Puerto Ricans and Dominicans in the Bronx over the next several decades.
"Behind every Mexican who's here, there are 100 million other Mexicans at home," says William Bosworth, the director of the Bronx Data Center.
That is compared to nearly 10 million Dominicans in the Dominican Republic and about four million Puerto Ricans in Puerto Rico.
NY1's "Making Census Of It" series concludes with a look at what the large Hispanic numbers mean at the ballot, both in the Bronx and in the city.